The Ural-375D was the standard Soviet truck from 1961 to 1976. It replaced the ZIL-157 and was in turn replaced by the Ural-4320. It could haul 9,920 lbs. of cargo in the bed as well as pull a trailer to increase capacity to 22,050 lbs. Although unarmed, the truck made an ideal mount for the BM-21 "Grad" rocket launcher system.
The 375D burns 5.3 gallons of gas per hour. It is crewed by a single driver, but can accommodate two passengers in the cab. It can transport troops instead of cargo. The rear bed has metal walls for the lower half, but a cloth top. Ground clearance is 15.7"; it can ford 1 meter of water. Typical range is 404 miles.
Subassemblies: Body +4, 6 Off-Road wheels +2.
Powertrain: 134-kW all-wheeled drivetrain with 134-kW standard gasoline engine, 2,000-kWs lead acid battery.
Fuel: 95 gallons gasoline (Fire 11) in 79-gallon and 16-gallon standard fuel tanks (Fire +0).
Occupancy: 1 NCS, 2 NPS.
Cargo: 9,920 lbs. (open).
Armor F RL B T U
All: 2/4 2/4 2/4 2/4* 2/4
*1/1C for cargo bed.
Body: 4.4-ton winch.
Size: 24'x8.5'x8.5' Payload: 4.5 tons Lwt.: 13.64 tons
Volume: 1,479 cf. Maint.: 78 hours Price: $65,800
HT: 12. HPs: 2,337 Body, 266 each Wheel.
gSpeed: 47 gAccel: 2.5 gDecel: 10 gMR: 0.5 gSR: 4
Ground Pressure High. 1/4 Off-Road speed.
Body is 1,479 cf; wheels are 286 cf. Structure is Heavy, Cheap. Armor is cheap metal. Mechanical controls. Design curb weight is 18,469 lbs.; this was 51 lbs. less than the historical value. Calculated gSpeed was 50 mph. Real-world loaded weight was used for performance calculations.
The Ural-735 had a soft-top cab.
The Ural-375A had a shortened frame and a payload of 12,787 lbs.
The Ural-375S was a tractor-trailer version.
The TMS-65 was a decontamination vehicle with jet engine mounted on the bed. Other vehicles were decontaminated by driving them by the truck when the jet engine was lit!
A fuel tanker and recovery vehicle were also designed based on the Ural-375.
From the Aerodrome for GURPS
© 2008 by Jim Antonicic