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Ural 375D

The Ural-375D was the standard Soviet truck from 1961 to 1976. It replaced the ZIL-157 and was in turn replaced by the Ural-4320. It could haul 9,920 lbs. of cargo in the bed as well as pull a trailer to increase capacity to 22,050 lbs. Although unarmed, the truck made an ideal mount for the BM-21 "Grad" rocket launcher system.

The 375D burns 5.3 gallons of gas per hour. It is crewed by a single driver, but can accommodate two passengers in the cab. It can transport troops instead of cargo. The rear bed has metal walls for the lower half, but a cloth top. Ground clearance is 15.7"; it can ford 1 meter of water. Typical range is 404 miles.

 

Subassemblies: Body +4, 6 Off-Road wheels +2.

Powertrain: 134-kW all-wheeled drivetrain with 134-kW standard gasoline engine, 2,000-kWs lead acid battery.

Fuel: 95 gallons gasoline (Fire 11) in 79-gallon and 16-gallon standard fuel tanks (Fire +0).

Occupancy: 1 NCS, 2 NPS.

Cargo: 9,920 lbs. (open).

 

Armor F RL B T U

All: 2/4 2/4 2/4 2/4* 2/4

*1/1C for cargo bed.

 

Equipment:

Body: 4.4-ton winch.

 

Statistics:

Size: 24'x8.5'x8.5' Payload: 4.5 tons Lwt.: 13.64 tons

Volume: 1,479 cf. Maint.: 78 hours Price: $65,800

 

HT: 12. HPs: 2,337 Body, 266 each Wheel.

 

gSpeed: 47 gAccel: 2.5 gDecel: 10 gMR: 0.5 gSR: 4

Ground Pressure High. 1/4 Off-Road speed.

 

Design Notes:

Body is 1,479 cf; wheels are 286 cf. Structure is Heavy, Cheap. Armor is cheap metal. Mechanical controls. Design curb weight is 18,469 lbs.; this was 51 lbs. less than the historical value. Calculated gSpeed was 50 mph. Real-world loaded weight was used for performance calculations.

 

Variants:

The Ural-735 had a soft-top cab.

The Ural-375A had a shortened frame and a payload of 12,787 lbs.

The Ural-375S was a tractor-trailer version.

The TMS-65 was a decontamination vehicle with jet engine mounted on the bed. Other vehicles were decontaminated by driving them by the truck when the jet engine was lit!

A fuel tanker and recovery vehicle were also designed based on the Ural-375.

 

From the Aerodrome for GURPS

2008 by Jim Antonicic